TREES - A BOON TO MANKIND

God has given to mankind nature’s treasure in so many forms and in so many shapes but the present man has deformed the forms and mis-shaped the shapes. Mountains and rivers, fields and forests have been assigned by the creator to play their part for the welfare of the best of his creations Man. But man has completely mistaken this bounties and misused them in his utter self« interest resulting in the mauling of his being and in the merdering of his self. But the modern man still does not see the doom looming large before him. So blinded is he by the sense of his immediate gain. 

Trees are one such boon bestowed on mankind. They form such an important part in our well-being and play such a significant role in our healthy living. But man’s lust for more and more of material gains; more and more of land for their agriculture and still more for their factories and industries has resulted in the depletion of this treasure of nature, on such a large scale. The entire eco-system stands disturbed and disbalanced; the mountains have lost their lustre of greenery; the slopes stand staring naked; the clouds float away without pouring down; the fielding lie parcged and dried. All this because ‘Trees’ have been trimmed, tortured and truncated. 

In our country, our ancients had envolved a method to protect this bounty of nature. Trees used to be worshipped as a deity; there was divinity attached to them; the ‘Neem’, the ‘Peepal’, the ‘Banyan’, the ‘Mango’, the ‘Maulshree’ the ‘Kadamb’, the ‘Kachnar’, the ‘Tulsi’, the Amaitash’, the ‘Ashok’ -all these were deified and therefore forbidden to be cut down or even truncated. The Indian pyche, prone to be religious and devout would worship these trees on different occasions and wouid rather plant more and more of them rather than cause any harm to them. 
Lord Krishna, during his childhood played and danced under the shady groves of the mango trees in Brindaban. Lord Rama, during his fourteen years of exile lived in the forests, the grass and shrubs were used in the making of his huts in ‘Panchavati’; Lord Shiva has his abode in the Himalayas all covered with forests that is how the belief goes. 
Similarly did the Pagans among Greeks in the Western World worshipped nature in its various forms. 
These were the ways adopted by our wise ancients to save nature and to protect the ecological balance. 

Man of today calls himself a scientifically developed being and where science advances religion declines. Science relies on reason while religion relies on faith. And here arises the basic conflict. Man of today wants to achieve more 
and still more whatever be the cost that he be required to pay for it even if he has to play foul with nature. This is the thinking which has led to the large scale devastation of forests. 

Trees provide carbon dioxide'as well as oxygen to the environment thus maintaining a balance and an equilibrium. They help in the soil formation and control soil erosion, thus saving the healthy minerals ofthe soil from being washed away. They impede the flush and flow of the rain water gushing forth from the mountains slopes and thus while protecting the soil. they also save the rivers from getting unduly silted, which silting raises the level oftheir basins and make tnem overflow their banks resulting in fToods. 

Trees provide food and shelter to the fauna and serve as a natural habitat for them. They control landslides in the mountain region helping to save life and property. But very sad is the shape of things in our country at present. Forest are fast disappearing and this is causing very serious ecological consequences adversely affecting India’s climate, railfall and soil fertility. In many parts where the forest area has been depleted, the fertile top soil built up over centuries has been washed away in one season. The regeneration of these lands will become a massive exercise which may well neigh be impossible. The virginal forests offer a strong temptation to encroachers and exploiters. The timber wealth provides a ready and tempting reward and, therefore, is there so much of pilferage of forest wealth and illegal felling of trees. The forest depaitment has neither the means nor the manpower to, combat these ‘mafias’ operating in this illegal operation. Wood is a precious commodity and the fact of facts is that we are consuming four times as much wood as is being regenerated. Afforestation projects are not being able to cope with the extent of deforestation that is taking place. If our forests are to be saved, drastic steps will have to be taken otherwise the malady would reach a proportion which it would become hard to remedy. Can we and should we afford to turn a large part of our country into a vast, and inhospitable wasteland? This we cannot and should not. 

Therefore the beginning should be made without any further delay otherwise a stage of no-retum will be reached soon. It is not the government alone which can treat the malady and rectify the wrong. A civic consciousness has to be aroused and a sense of commitment to be awakened among the masses to treat trees as a part and parcel of their own fatnily and any injury to them be treated as if an injury to one’s near and dear ones Every child in every school should be oriented in this thinking that planting a sapling and nurturing it to its full growth in any part of the vacant land, whether within the school campus or in one’s living locality should be treated as a mission of life and an achievement of an aim, as much material and significant as passing an examination to get enter a career. Those harming the flora in any manner should be punished in 3 deterrent manner just as causing jujury to a human being. 

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