Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Bulbul was a strong tropical cyclone which struck Vietnam and the Indian state of West Bengal as well as Bangladesh in November 2019, bringing storm surge, heavy rains, and Hash Hoods across the area. After crossing the Indochinese Peninsula, Severe Tropical Storm Matmo's remnants entered the Andaman Sea. It began to organize over the southern Bay of Bengal in early November. Ayodhya dispute : ‘Bulbul’ then slowly intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moved north. It is only the fourth tropical cyclone ever recorded to regenerate over the Andaman Sea, having crossed Southeast CYCLONE BULBUL 

Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Bulbul waS‘a strong tropical cyclone which struck Vietnam and the Indian state of West Bengal as well as Bangladesh in November 2019, bringing storm surge, heavy rains, and Hash Hoods across the area. After crossing the Indochinese Peninsula, Severe Tropical Storm Matmo's remnants entered the Andaman Sea. It began to organize over the southern Bay of Bengal in early November. Ayodhya dispute : ‘Bulbul’ then slowly intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moved north. It is only the fourth tropical cyclone ever recorded to regenerate over the Andaman Sea, having crossed Southeast Asia overland (thus sharing with the name Matmo in operational JTWC advisories). In addition, it is only the second to make it to hurricane strength, the first being in 1960. 

Meteorological history : On 2 November, the remains of Matmo emerged into the North Andaman sea. Meteorological agencies began to show interest in the system as it slowly began to reorganize and develop. It then fully reformed into a depression on November 5: Upon strengthening into a cyclonic storm, the India Meteorological Department (1MD) assigned the name Bulbul. It continued intensifying and increasing in speed for the next three days, however still slowly moving north and prompting the [MD to issue coastal warnings for Bangladesh and West Bengal of India and prohibit all fishermen activity, beach activity, and boating in and around the Bay of Bengal. About a day later, Bulbul made landfall near Sagar Island in West Bengal around 18:30 GMT on 9 November and weakening back to 3 Severe Cyclonic Storm as it interacted with land and unleashed a high storm surge. Not too long after this land interaction, Bulbul rapidly weakened into a deep depression the next day as it began to move over Bangladesh, however still bringing very heavy rains. 

Preparations : Over 1.8 million people in the vulnerable Bangladeshi coastal districts were evacuated to 4,071 cyclone shelters. Health department officials in these districts formed 1,599 teams to attend to those affected by the cyclone. Around 56,000 volunteers were deployed to conduct rescue and relief efforts while the military bases at the coastal districts remain on alert. A11 coastal infantries of the Bangladesh Army prepared to take immediate action to provide assistance during and post cyclonic destruction. The Bangladesh Navy and the Bangladesh Coast Guard prepared to undertake emergency rescue and relief operations with warships and vessels. 

Impact and aftermath : 

Odisha : Although impacts to Odisha were relatively minimal, the cyclone's outer bands produced heavy rain and squalls across the Indian state, causing agricultural damage, uprooting trees, and knocking down powerjines across Odisha. So far, however, no fatalities have been reported there. Although, around 350 local villagers in the district of Balesore were taken to cyclone shelters as the storm neared and their current condition is unknown. ‘ 

West Bengal : Bulbul's landfall in westbengal around the Sundarban Bhabchi forest brought extremely heavy rain and winds up to 135 km/h (85 mph) across much of the southern portion of the state. Ten deaths have since been reported there, four of them due to uprooted trees. A 59-year old man was killed after being electrocuted by a lamp post, and another was killed due to a collapsed wall. Before the cyclone even made landfall, however, a man was killed after a cedar tree branch fell on top of him. F allen trees have caused road blockages across the city of Kolkota as well, and members of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) have been removing these blockages. Adding on, operations at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata were suspended for 12 hours. 

West Bengal has incurred a loss of Rs 23,811 crore in the devastations caused by cyclone 'Bulbul' that has affected around 35 lakh people in three districts, said a report the state government submitted to the visiting central team. Cyclone 'Bulbul' had made landfall late on November 9 (2019) between Sagar Islands in West Bengal and Khepupara in Bangladesh. Altogether 14 people, including fishermen of a capsized trawler, died in the calamity, a combination of tolling trees, collapsed houses, boat capsize and illness. . 

Members of the team called on the state government officials a day after they visited the cyclone-hit areas in North & South 24 Parganas and Purba Midnapore districts to assess the extent of damage caused by the storm. ' 

The state has incurred a total loss of Rs 23,811 crore in the three districts ravaged by cyclone Bulbul where over 35 lakhs of people have been directly affected. A total of 5,17,535 houses were damaged in the cyclone. Altogether 14,89,924 hectare of agricultural land have been .damaged, it said adding that the power department has incurred a loss of Rs 597 crore. As many as 4,35,000 tarpaulin and 6.2 lakh water pouches have been distributed by the state Public Health Engineering department. the report said. Reports on losses incurred in North and South 24 Parganas and East Medinipur districts due to the storm and requirement in those areas were handed over to the central team. The central team have made ground visits, conducted aerial surveys of the affected areas and met officials of the three affected officials. West Bengal Chief Minister had earlier welcomed the visit of the team to the cyclone-hit areas. 

After conducting an aerial survey of the cyclone-hit areas, she had said that the loss incurred by the state due to the catastrophe might go up to Rs 50,000 crore.